Nox catalytic converter

CASH : Catalytic converter prices for Used and Scrap Converters. • Dual-Bed Catalytic Converter System: • Exhaust Gas Recirculation – Could Decrease NOx by About 30% – Had a Negative Effect on Engine Performance Carmakers and Catalyst Companies Were Working on the Second-Generation Catalytic Converter – the Dual-Bed System. , USA, began making exhausts in the early 1930s. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is a means of converting nitrogen oxides, also referred to as NOx with the aid of a catalyst into diatomic nitrogen, N2, and water, H2O. Find great deals on eBay for Volkswagen Touareg catalytic converter. This Genuine Volkswagen Audi Nox Sensor - Before Pre-Catalytic Converter (Mfg#059907807S) fits Volkswagen Touareg 2 V6 TDI. Translations in context of "catalytic converter" in English-German from Reverso Context: catalytic converter according, replacement catalytic converter, catalytic The types of catalytic converters. S CR can be designed to provide NOx reductions year-round or only during ozone season. . NOx control catalytic converter Downloads DCC™ Diesel Catalytic Converter Data Sheet (PDF 210 KB) DCCTM, Diesel Catalytic Converter, is Johnson Matthey’s basic emissions reduction device and DOC solution. The QuadCAT Four-Way Catalytic Converter such as cerium or platinum Lean NOx Catalysts Lean NOx Catalyst Mechanism Ceryx Offers Multiple Configurations in a The catalytic converter mixes these gases with air and then passes them over a catalyst made of rhodium and platinum metals. The converter is smaller in length of barrel with the material inside to convert NOX of exhaust output and girth than the OEM cc but is equal in total length as it has extended metal to reach the front exhaust pipe. A catalytic converter provides an environment for a chemical reaction wherein toxic combustion by-products are converted to less-toxic gases Catalytic Converter, SCR, Selective Catalytic Reduction manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Cummins SCR Catalyst converter, 80kw DPF Filter Remove Black Smoke or Soot for Forklift, SCR Muffler Catalytic Converter for Diesel Engine with Urea Tank and so on. The converter tries to turn them all into carbon dioxide and water (H2O). Environmental Protection Agency and the California Air Resources Board must have the golden keys to the pearly gates A catalytic converter (colloquially, “cat” or “catcon”) is a device used to decrease the toxicity of emissions from an internal combustion engine. Your definitive guide to Oxygen How to easily diagnose, repair, and info on causes of a P20BA trouble code that indicates a detected performance problem in the reductant heater A control circuit. P. NOx prelab - 2 5) Write the Beer–Lambert Law that relates absorbance, pathlength, and concentration. Its function is to convert the hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxides produced by an engine into less harmful products - namely water vapour, carbon dioxide and nitrogen Excessive Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx): High NOx can occur when there is excessive temperature in the combustion chamber or a damaged catalytic converter. 3-Way Catalytic Mufflers are the most effective way of controlling Carbon Monoxide (CO), Hydrocarbons (HC), and Nitrogen Ford Powerstroke Scrap DPF System Recycling Prices Are Displayed Below ALL PRICES DISPLAYED ON THIS PAGE ARE CURRENT AS OF TODAY. High NOx readings are a clear sign of performance issues somewhere in the system. Als Träger dient ein temperaturstabiler Wabenkörper aus Keramik, in der Regel Cordierit oder Simultaneous NO, NOx, NO2 and Ozone readings; Compact, cost-effective analyzer; Independent Ranges and Auto-Range; Large, vivid color display with touch screen interfaceDer Fahrzeugkatalysator besteht meistens aus mehreren Komponenten. Environmental Protection Agency issued new guidelines for the construction There are three types of catalytic converters: two-way converters, three-way plus air catalytic converters, and three-way converters. A vehicle's catalytic converter helps remove NOx from the exhaust before it gets to the tailpipe by passing the gases through a titanium oxide membrane. Cabin lighting Halogen lamps and/or light-emitting Der Fahrzeugkatalysator besteht meistens aus mehreren Komponenten. It can be found between the extra Each VANGUARD Ammonia Abatement System is custom engineered and built for maximum performance and flexibility. Fig. 2. This unit is positioned in the exhaust system just behind the exhaust manifolds and can fail in one of three ways. BMW E81 E87 E90 E91 E92 1 3 SERIES N43 CATALYTIC CONVERTER Catalytic converter technology A catalytic converter is a vehicle's primary emission control device. Your first and best source for information about catalytic convertersPhoenix Catalytic Converter - CAM-LOK™, NO-NOx™ and NO-CO™ CATALYTIC CONVERTER SYSTEMSBG Products | What are the symptoms of a bad catalytic converter?Walker - a pioneer of catalytic converters Walker, founded in 1888 in Racine, WI. by weight. Most commonly used in an automobile's exhaust system, catalytic converters are now commonly used MagnaFlow specializes in superior catalytic converter and exhaust technology and has spent the past 30 years earning its reputation as a global market leader. The system is configured to detect or estimate the temperature of a NOx trapping catalytic converter and sets a pre-degradation adsorption efficiency and a post-degradation adsorption efficiency based on the catalytic converter temperature. This DCF compensated Lambda calculator is designed for use with Smog Check VIR printouts. I'm torn between the two. Also, many Chrysler and Mitsubishi models use a mini-converter between the exhaust manifold and the main catalytic converter. Unable to control Nox emissions. 01 g/HP-hr catalytic converter to significantly reduce oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions. A defective catalytic converter can then result in elevated NOx emissions. Slowly the uptake of the catalytic converter has spread around the world. PART#: BMW81439. So to get it to pass, we replaced the catalytic converter, and the Oxygen sensor, went back to get inspected, and it failed again. The catalytic converter market is driven by factors such as stringent emission and fuel efficiency regulations around the globe as well as rising vehicle production, sales, and parc. However, the catalytic converter efficiency calculation on this webpage is only a rough indicator and is NOT always accurate. It is inserted upstream the analysis instrument for NOx along the flow line of the gas mixture examined. Simplified theoretical reactions for NOx removal Your first and best source for information about catalytic converters. Reaction interactions and competitions were emphasized depending on gas composition and temperature. A catalytic converter is a vehicle emissions control device which converts toxic byproducts of combustion in the exhaust of an internal combustion engine to less toxic substances by way of catalysed chemical reactions. The three-way catalytic converter is therefore unsuitable for engines that run lean. Category. Catalytic converter prototypes were first designed in France at the end of the 19th century, when only a few thousand "oil cars" were on the roads; it was Catalytic Converter Laws. Pricing for selling your converter. A catalytic converter provides an environment for a chemical reaction wherein toxic combustion by-products are converted to less-toxic gases Chrysler Catalytic Converter Troubleshooting. (The owner cannot afford a new catalytic converter. I believe my Catalytic Converter may be on the verge of clogging, or is gaining build up in it. Results of emissions test on my 87 AT: Reading Allowable HC-ppm 71 137 CO-% 0. So, gutting a The Direct Fit Catalytic Converter is an exact replacement for your stock converter, with an interface at either end that will allow it to be bolted into the exhaust system. There is control of Nox. The smart catalytic converter combines NOx storage, on-board ammonia production and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and functions in a dual-mode operation, alternating between lean burn and rich burn. Consequently, a catalytic converter uses precious metals like platinum as a catalyst to convert harmful pollutants like HC, CO and NOX into harmless gases like oxygen (O2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). There has been much interest in reducing NOx from engines in terms of fuel injection strategies [3], exhaust gas recirculation [4] and catalytic reactions [5], among which selective catalytic reduction (SCR) has been successfully applied in stationary applications such as boilers and power plants [6]. Compare and contact a supplier in USA DCL International is a global leader in the research, design, engineering, manufacturing, and sales of advanced emission control technologies. The catalytic converter is the single-most important piece of emissions equipment on a modern vehicle (except, perhaps, for the engine computer that controls combustion). P Assessment Catalytic converters are used in cars to reduce pollution and toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide. The gasoline engine, along with the muffler, catalytic converter , tailpipe and gas tank, were all removed. S. Product Name: Catalytic converter NOX sensor ; Clear All. Catalytic converter oxidizes harmful CO and HC emission to CO 2 and H 2 O in the exhaust system We are getting high NOx and it has not passed 3 times. High Carbon Monoxide; Normal CO; Low COHistory. Therefore, the CO molecule needed in the catalytic converter to cause the catalyst to reduce minor levels of NOx to nitrogen and carbon dioxide will not be created. Thumbs up. It can turn the harmful car exhaust such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) by redox reaction into harmless carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and nitrogen (N2). 4. Faulty catalytic converters will often give you acceleration troubles. nox catalytic converter 1. converter temperature aftermarket catalytic converter as "high flow" or "easy flow" catalytic converter or use any phrase that could make it appear to perform better than the original equipment manufacturer catalytic converters. Catalytic Converters & O2 Sensors Download PDF. I purchased a 1998 Subaru Outback that had the rear catalytic converter removed and replaced with a straight pipe. An NO 2-to-NO converter allows an analyzer that measures only NO to determine total NO X by converting the NO 2 in exhaust to NO. A. Can you Car exhaust Catalytic converter is installed in the automobile exhaust system and is one of the most important gas purification device. One main cause of a damaged catalytic converter is installing a new converter on a vehicle with fuel system problems which will result in failure of the new converter. A catalytic converter for BMW 325i is needed so that toxic pollutants within the exhaust gases are catalyzed through a redox reaction, which makes them less toxic. The behavior of a commercial 4-way catalytic converter was investigated in terms of reaction mechanisms involving all reactants present in vehicle exhaust gases: CO, HC, NOx, O 2, soot, etc. The next catalytic converter to be introduced was known as the duel bed converter. For prevention purposed, after 5’000 . If the catalytic converter is breaking HC, CO, and Nox into their component parts, the downstream oxygen sensor will display a constant voltage. Find out more. Allows reduction of NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) to N2 (Nitrogen) and O2 (Oxygen) The catalytic converter is an emissions related component that is mounted in the exhaust pipe. While an additive could improve freeze point of the mixture, the 32. Result . Relate the variables and linear fit Oxidation of unburned hydrocarbons to C02 & water. Copper Based Catalytic converter 5. Filter. A catalytic converter works by using a catalyst to stimulate a chemical reaction in which toxic by-products of combustion are converted to less Global Automotive Catalytic Converter (TWC, SCR, DOC, LNT and LNC) Market 2015-2019 with Faurecia, Benteler International, Tenneco, Magneti Marelli & Eberspaecher Dominating A catalytic converter degradation determining system is configured to accurately determine if a NOx trapping catalytic converter is degraded. A good converter, then, can mask a slight mixture imbalance, whether to the lean end or rich end of the spectrum. In reduction chamber 3-Way Catalytic Converter In + CO Ngenerally, 3-way catalytic converter more efficient than other type of catcon such as systems and multiple catalytic converters as specified in Appendix D-184-19 and incorporated herein. Failed or malfunctioning catalytic converter Corroded or damaged engine sensor electrical connections. I think converters reduce NOX's gases. The lambda calculation determines the ratio between the amount of oxygen actually present in a combustion chamber vs. A catalytic converter is a vehicle emissions control device that converts toxic pollutants in exhaust gas to less toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (oxidation or reduction). 87 NO-ppm 948 956Vehicle Emissions Vehicle Emissions fall into five main categories: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), which is an inevitable product of burning a fuel which contains carbon (as The California Smog Check Program requires vehicles that were manufactured in 1976 or later to participate in the biennial (every two years) smog check program in How much does Oxygen Sensor Replacement cost? Get an estimate instantly. General Background. It does this using 2 main chemical reactions known as oxidization and reduction. First widely introduced on series-production automobiles in the US market for the 1975 model year to comply with tightening EPA regulations on auto exhaust, catalytic converters are still most commonly used in motor vehicle exhaust systems. Here are the reactions that happen inside a catalytic converter: 2NOx(g) → xO2(g) + N2(g) – this is the reduction of nitrogen oxides. * Catalytic converter intervention and NOx concentrations High NOx readings at the tailpipe are an clear indication that there is a problem in at least one part of the system, but an NOx reading that appears within "normal" ranges or is only modestly elevated is not necessarily a reliable indicator of proper or even acceptable system performance. Selective Catalytic Reduction Components And The Chemical Process That Occurs Inside The SCR Device Chemistry is well understood and controllableNOx reduction solutions for utility and industrial boilers, including low NOx burners, offer cost-effective in-boiler NOx compliance and help reduce NOx by up to 60%. Text: Test ON/Test OFF/ Sys. “cold start”), the catalytic converter is cold and the Catalytic Converter. This program was initiated The catalytic converter is a device installed in the exhaust system to significantly reduce the emission levels of hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and in the case of most newer catalytic converters, oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Therefore the catalyst is selected based on the ability to provide the highest performance and longest life. Your first and best source for information about catalytic convertersPhoenix Catalytic Converter - CAM-LOK™, NO-NOx™ and NO-CO™ CATALYTIC CONVERTER SYSTEMSBG Products | What are the symptoms of a bad catalytic converter?Additional EPA converter information: EPA installation requirements, selecting a universal catalytic converter , and Engine Family Number (EFN) location. This type of catalytic converter was known as the two-way converter its limitations only allowed it to reduce HC and CO. 8. Catalytic Converter - Most vehicles in Vista CA and Oceanside are visually inspected for catalytic converters. (c) System requirements. Oxidation of unburned hydrocarbons to C02 & water . A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction). for gasoline. The resulting combinations of HC, CO, NOx, CO2 and O2 entering the catalytic converter are called “feed” gases, which are the source of atmospheric pollution. Catalytic Converter. A converter is made up of several parts. An engine that is running too rich can also create excessive heat in the cat, causing it to glow. 6+ NOx GPM (limit is 1. Catalytic converter systems or sometimes called catalytic convertors convert hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides into harmless compounds. Problems with a catalytic converter can occur when exhaust-gas is rich in fuel becouse of faulty fuel injection, And/or sensors are broken, it can melt down, and clog exhaust system. When the exhaust is passing through the exhaust pipe, CO , HC , and Nox ---the three types of gas are passing through the clarifier of the reactor in the three-way Catalytic Converter , the activity of the gas would be enhanced, they would be under an oxidation and deoxidization reaction. How Is A Catalytic Converter Damaged Catalytic Converters do not fail on their own. org/technology/technology-details?id=5Catalytic Converters - Three-Way Catalytic Converter Catalytic Converters - Diesel Oxidation Catalyst. It soon established a reputation for Additional EPA converter information: EPA installation requirements, selecting a universal catalytic converter , and Engine Family Number (EFN) location. OK/Sys. This mesh causes Carbon Monoxide to react with oxygen (Catalyse, it's in the name!!). A form of the equation that is useful for fitting this experimental plot is: “y = mx + b”. Have done nothing to the car in last two years expect add bottle of fuel system cleaner at last fill-up. 52 FAIL I don't know whether or not to spend money on EGR port cleaning or a new catalytic converter. For example, nitrogen oxides are broken down into harmless nitrogen and oxygen; see the article Nox sensor replacement. In the graph at right, the downstream oxygen sensor voltage stabilizes at about . 10’000 km connect INPA (for example, after oil change) and evaluate the poisoning level of NOx catalytic converter. 60 CO 7. Of course dependent of the type of converter, 3 way of 2 way. . Service, parts, cost & recommendations from YourMechanic. 3. Catalyst systems that have been developed for the reduction of NOx from diesel engines can operate either through lean NOx storage followed by rich reduction (NOx adsorber catalysts) or through selective catalytic reduction using ammonia (SCR catalysts), as summarized in Table 1. Will replacing the catalytic converter reduce the NOx emmissions on my toyota corolla 1991 model ??Optional Information: 1991 Toyota corolla 1. Which component sends fresh air to the catalytic converter to help oxidize emissions? Technician B says that excessive NOx Catalytic Converter of Auto Parts . Carmakers and Catalyst Companies Were Working on the to a catalytic combustion of the mixture of CO and NOX of combustion gases on a platinum catalyst using the stagnation point flow configuration. Catalytic converter's wiki: A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine to less toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a redu 3-Way Catalytic Converters. Emissions from car’s exhaust consist of noxious gases such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxide. The catalytic converter, also referred to as a cat converter, is part of an automobile’s exhaust system. This There are a handful of telltale signs your catalytic converter is on the fritz. A: For 2001 and newer CARB and EPA “50-state” certified vehicles, all catalytic converter replacements should be either an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) replacement part or a CARB-certified new aftermarket catalytic converter. The catalytic converter contains a catalyst material that converts unburned hydrocarbons, nitric oxides and carbon monoxide into nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water. converter Bank 1, short trip. We need over 35,000 units per month. The nitrogen gasses come into contact with the catalyst The role of the Catalytic Converter is to control the harmful emissions from the combustion process by converting the Hydrocarbons (HC), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) into Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Nitrogen (N2) and Water Vapour (H2O). As the emission gases pass through the catalytic converter, molecules temporarily "stick" to the metal surface and react together. See product for application and installation details. Rules for Replacing Converters In 1986, the U. Fig. The catalytic converter or "cat" for short was first thought of in the early 1950s by a french engineer living in L. Check out any of our direct fit catalytic converter brands including Eastern, Bosal, Catco and DEC catalytic converters for sale. S. History. Catalytic converter operation, background information: The modern ‘3 way’ catalytic converter takes care of Carbon monoxide CO, Hydrocarbons HC and oxides of Nitrogen NOx (NO and NO2). the amount that Ranges: Min: 0 - 1 ppm full scale Max: 0 - 200 ppm full scale (selectable, independent NO, NO2, NOX ranges with dual range supported) Measurement UnitsWe are a leading manufacturer of silencers including: residential, critical, industrial and spark arrestors. E. Catalyst and substrate preparation 5. A reduction and oxidation reaction occurs inside the device. The three-way catalyst reduces NOx into nitrogen and oxygen (Fig 4). For Mercedes Sprinter Tdi Front Upstream Of Scr Catalytic Nox Eastern Catalytic is one of the automotive aftermarket’s top suppliers of catalytic converters, manifold converters and related components. Catalytic converter inspection. What is a catalytic converter? In simple terms, the catalytic converter converts harmful emissions (HC, CO, & NOx) into less harmful by-products (CO2, N2, & H20). A catalytic converter is a component of the exhaust system that reduces or eliminates exhaust emissions by way of a chemical reaction. AND, the emissions system is greatly affected by the consumption of DEF. Cats are required on all new vehicles, and depending on where you live Therefore, the CO molecule needed in the catalytic converter to cause the catalyst to reduce minor levels of NOx to nitrogen and carbon dioxide will not be created. You step on the gas and all you feel is a jerky, inconsistent response. OTC estimated a potential reduction of 60. The second phase is the oxidation catalyst which acts on the unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide. Cats are required on all new vehicles, and depending on where you live Most modern cars are equipped with three-way catalytic converters. 13 0. ­The reduction catalyst is the first stage of the catalytic converter. 2 g/HP-hr NOx 0. Result. The catalytic converter is the most important pollution control device on a vehicle. Its purpose is to superheat unburned particles in the exhaust gases that are expelled from the engine. Some askers wont to change the exhaust, removing this catalytic converter; some are interested in the normal performance of the engine is possible without NOx catalytic converter. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Reduktionsmittel so injiziert wird, daß in Abhangigkeit von der Auslastung der Feuerungsanlage der NOx Chassis & Safety Integrated active and passive safety technologies and products that support vehicle dynamics are providing for ever more safety and comfort. Nett Technologies' 3-Way Catalytic Converters control exhaust emissions from stoichiometric CNG, LPG and gasoline engines. The catalyst is a propriety blend of proven chemistries for ammonia conversion and minimized NOx formation. com offers 403 nox catalyst products. I get more and more questions regarding the topic of NOx catalytic converter. Effective Catalytic Converter Replacement Programs for (NOx) (three -way catalytic converters). 046. In no way will a catalytic converter reduce excessively high NOx levels. CO 2 is a product of combustion. Thousands of technicians have faced the challenge of bringing a particularly stubborn application into compliance for NOx emissions. Buy Auto Parts is your home for Wholesale Auto Parts, Car Parts, Truck Parts, OEM Car Parts, and Performance Parts and Accessories. In a selective catalytic converter, the Adblue reacts with NOx to form nitrogen and water and thereby ensure an 80% or above NOx reduction. 3 tpd NOx in OTR from revised federal program . Catalytic Converter Market by Type (Three-way Catalytic Converter, Selective Catalytic Reduction, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, and Lean NOx Trap), Material (Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium), Region, and Aftermarket by Region - Global Forecast to 2021 The BMW catalytic converter is in charge of burning this fuel further, because if it were allowed to exit into the air, it would have serious consequences to the environment. Carbon monoxide is a pretty brutal gas that when inhaled will put you on a pretty quick path towards severe headaches and death. There are two techniques that have been developed for the catalytic reduction of NOx emissions under lean A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce the toxicity of emissions from an internal combustion engine. It converts exhaust gasses such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides produced by partial combustion of fuel in the engine, which are harmful to both the environment and to humans, into harmless carbon dioxide, water vapor, and nitrogen gas. 3 WAY CATALYTIC CONVERTER Used in SI engines. The reduction catalyst is the first phase of your Volkswagen catalytic converter, reducing the NOx emissions. 3-Way Catalytic Converter technology cannot be used on lean-burn CNG or diesel engines (see SCR for diesel NOx control). The prettiest girl at the dance did not disappoint, posting the best gains of the day by beating the O. 5 1 1. NOx exhaust treatment system. Catalytic Converter (CAT) Catalytic converters are used to convert carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) into water vapor (H 2O), carbon dioxide (CO 2) and nitrogen (N 2). Exhaust Catalytic Converter - Left - 50 State Legal - DEC. In addition to controlling HC, CO, and NOx emissions, The function of the ceramic is to provide a large surface area for the catalyst. 750 volts, which indicates that the catalytic converter is working efficiently. This A catalytic converter is filled with a honeycomb like mesh of Platinum. This can happen in as little as 100 miles. China Mercede-Benz Nox Sensors 5wk96616f Nitrogen Oxide Sensor A0091533628 Catalytic Converter SCR System 24V Nitric Oxide Sensors OE A0091530028 A0101539528, Find details about China Nox Sensors, Catalytic Converter from Mercede-Benz Nox Sensors 5wk96616f Nitrogen Oxide Sensor A0091533628 Catalytic Converter SCR System 24V Nitric Oxide Sensors Results for nox control catalytic converter equipment from PCI and other leading brands. C C-pillar The roof support structure on either side of the rear window on a typical sedan or coupe. piece by a solid one to two horsepower across the entire board. The pollutants (carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides) produced by the motor combustion are converted into harmless gases by using a catalytic converter. The reduction catalyst is the first stage of the catalytic converter. A technique called Selective NOx Recirculation (SNR) [348] was an early concept of a NOx adsorber system without catalytic reduction of NOx. the pollutants HC/CO/NOx • Converter manufactures certify to EPA However your NOx emissions will be through the ROOF! Ultimately, If your in a state with only CO and VOC testing (and they don’t physically look for your catalysts), you might be able to get away with a catalytic converter delete. 0. It uses platinum and rhodium to help reduce the NOx emissions. The catalytic converter is located under the automobile between the engine and the muffler (Figure 1). Science Catalytic Converter Exhaust Emissions Noxious Environment Pollution Emission Smog CO2 Carbon CATALYTIC CONVERTER TESTS 1. 5% solution is very specific to providing NOx reducing properties. Inside is a catalyst on a ceramic or metallic support protected from vibration and shock by a resilient ceramic or metallic 'mat'. Tech Tips Using Gas Analyzer Readings For Engine Diagnosis . This NOx = Nitrogen oxides = reactive gasses produced during the combustion process. DCL's product offering includes catalytic converters, catalytic mufflers, engineered silencers, diesel particulate filters, replacement catalyst elements, as well as heat recovery and siloxane cleanup NOX 2. The factory catalytic converters installed on Porsche 928 models are very robust, and meant to last the life of the vehicle. Honda Develops Next-Generation Clean Diesel Engine Capable of Meeting In the case of a method for checking the plausibility of a NOx sensor (62; 63) in an SCR catalytic converter system having at least one first SCR catalytic converter device (20) and having at least one second SCR catalytic converter device (30) and having in each case one dosing point (40, 50) for a reducing agent solution for the SCR catalytic converter devices (20, 30) upstream of the Aftermarket Catalytic Converter RegulationConverter Regulation Karl Munder December 8, 2014. How Much Does a Catalytic Converter Cost? or NOx contaminants from one running too lean. Catalytic Converter A. 9L engine. A NO x adsorber or NO x trap is a device that is used to reduce oxides of nitrogen (NO and The 3-way catalytic converter that has been successfully used since the 1980s on stoichiometric engines (such as fueled by petrol, LPG, CNG, Jul 20, 2012 GDI NOx Catalyst Operation Get the Amazon Printed Books: How to Clean Your Car's Catalytic Converter using Lacquer Thinner - Duration:  Catalytic Converters - Technology Details | MECA www. As the engine runs, the catalytic converter warms up to an operating temperature of 500-1200 °F. A catalytic converter is a vital part of a vehicle emissions control system. This is a favorable Reduction of NOX Gases Using Copper Zeolite catalytic converter is approximately below 500 °C, the Each catalytic converter contains a few hundred dollars worth of platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), and rhodium (Rh). Consequently,Automotive Lighting is the Magneti Marelli division with headquarters in Reutlingen, Germany, dedicated to the development, production and sale of automotive exterior European rules on exhaust emissions mean that cars are cleaner now than they have ever been, and will get even cleaner. meca. My car ('90 taurus) failed inspection because of high NOx emissions, and because of that sole reason alone (just like yours). As EPA regulations on the automakers became stricter, they were required to make a catalytic converter that is able to reduce HC, CO and NOX. Selective Catalytic Reduction Components The catalytic converter is covered by the vehicle's emissions warranty, which extends beyond the manufacturer's factory warranty. This is only the exhaust and dosn't effect the 5. NOx memory cat. New catalytic converter composite reduces rare Earth element usage Date: June 2, 2017 Its high performance in the converting rate of NOx, CO, and total hydrocarbon to less harmful materials Science Channel Deconstructed show Describes Catalytic Converter operation in some detail. THE OBDII CATALYTIC CONVERTER Following is a complete Diagnostic Manual in helping you diagnose and troubleshoot problems with a vehicles emission system and the possible replacement of emission parts including the catalytic converter. Please note that while a failed catalytic converter will contribute to high NOx readings, the failure in itself may have been caused by some other upstream performance problem. The control system must prevent the NOx reduction catalyst from becoming fully oxidized, Some catalytic converters are designed to reduce an additional pollutant, oxides of nitrogen (NOx), by breaking it down into base components, nitrogen and Catalytic Converter NOx Emmissions. All other values within tolerance. Catalytic converters were also responsible for the “rotten egg” odor that was often noticed in exhaust gas. The catalytic converter performs best when the exhaust gases are hot, such as when driving on the motorway. Have hardly driven the car. While many other components of the exhaust system are designed to reduce noise for example, a muffler, the catalytic converter is designed to reduce pollution. We buy a few and we buy in Bulk all over the world. The system uses a catalyst bed and an injected liquid-reductant agent to scavenge pollutants, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and produce diatomic nitrogen (N2) and water vapor (H2O). The exhaust from the engine gets filtered through this compartment and harmful chemicals like carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and NOx or nitrogen compounds are removed by a kind of matrix with honeycomb structures. An important part of this study will be the determination of a reduced chemical mechanism that allows, by one side to reduce the NOX and on the other hand Modeling a Catalytic Converter for CO and NO This type of catalytic converter is widely used on diesel engines to reduce hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions. When an NO or NO2 molecule contacts the catalyst, the catalyst rips the nitrogen atom out of the molecule and holds on to it, freeing the oxygen in the form of O2. The catalyst is made from platinum or a similar, platinum-like metal such as palladium or rhodium. When he is hot, he cleans well. This paper summarizes the findings of several technical articles on diesel NOx catalytic converter technology. Aftermarket Catalytic Converter Regulation AQCAC Meeting - Karl Munder June 8, 2015 . even higher for major pollutants like carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons — over the lifetime of the vehicle. Catalytic Converter Policy NACAA 1 . A catalytic converter that is partially or fully clogged (also referred to as "plugged") will get so hot that it will begin to glow. Features. A catalytic converter as defined in claim 1 further characterized by the refractory ceramic fibers of the heat-insulating mat being substantially amorphous. resulting formation of NOx. e. In short, the catalyzing metals in the converter are no longer exposed to the exhaust gases, and the converter is rendered inactive. 1. A catalytic converter makes no use if short distances are run, Like in my town. It converts harmful gases in the engine exhaust to relatively harmless gases. We have cleaned the air filter, MAF, injectors, put in Premium gas and new spark plugs. Shop with confidence. In oxidation chamber • COWith enough heat (above 1400ºC), nitrogen and oxygenin air-fuel mixture combines to form NOx emissions. In most Catalytic Converters - Lean NOx Catalyst. The Series 655000 will be used as front catalytic converters (2 units) and Series 655500 as rear catalytic converters (2 units) for multiple (4 units) catalytic converter system applications. pollutants HC/CO/NOx • Manufactures certify to EPA that their The purpose of the catalysts in a catalytic converter is to break down harmful exhaust emissions, such as oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and others, by a process of oxidization that depends on complex chemical reactions that are controlled (or triggered) by the catalytic metal(s) in the converter. The converter looks like a small muffler with a pipe connected at each end. Als Träger dient ein temperaturstabiler Wabenkörper aus Keramik, in der Regel Cordierit oder Simultaneous NO, NOx, NO2 and Ozone readings; Compact, cost-effective analyzer; Independent Ranges and Auto-Range; Large, vivid color display with touch screen interfaceLambda as a Diagnostic Tool . A non-selective catalytic reduction system (NSCR) utilizes a precious-metal based catalytic converter, similar in design to the three-way catalytic converters used on cars and trucks, to reduce NOx, unburned HC, and CO. After these studies succeeded in reducing the NOx emissions from biodiesel by Showcasing catalytic converter 190106 emissions and much more available on sale on the internet. A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce the emissions from an internal combustion engine. Have you had your Nox sensors or catalytic converter replaced under warranty? 4 Answers. A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce the toxicity of emissions from an internal combustion engine. By using a small amount of platinum, the BMW catalytic converter starts a chemical reaction that further burns the fuel, though the energy is largely wasted from this QUICK-LID® catalytic converters effectively reduce engine exhaust emissions, including NOx, CO, hydrocarbons, formaldehydes and particulates. What is the most important emissions control device on a vehicle today? The catalytic converter, because it cleans up Our catalytic burners have high throughput, high conversion efficiency, are sulfur tolerant, and are fuel flexible. 45 PASS Two Days ago. Catalytic converter chamber:The fabrication of catalytic converter consists of few components, namely the converter chamber, substrate and insulator. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is an established technology for post-combustion nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions control from different power/chemical plants. Read more. This is caused by a buildup of backpressure because of blockage in your Catalytic Converter Life Expectancy You can prematurely kill one but keeping a car tuned and maintained should keep the catalytic running fine for well past 300k A three-way catalytic converter reduces NOx emissions as well as CO and HC. No. This degrades the converter’s ability to perform its chemical conversion process, leading to potentially illegal levels of HC, CO, and NOx. What is a Catalytic converter and how does it work? A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce harmful emissions released from a car’s exhaust. HC . Powerstroke 6. QUICK-LID® catalytic converters are the industry standard for reliable, long life operation. Advantages: • Higher NOx reductions than low-NOx burners and Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) • Applicable to sources with low NOx concentrations A working catalytic converter should be able to reduce the emission levels of hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). If the NOx catalytic converter will be with cumulative (mathematically counted) sulfur accumulation over 1000 mg, it will be regenerated. Enter your vehicle information above to see available options. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems are post-combustion active emission control technology systems. Imagine that you plot absorbance as a function of concentration. nitrogen oxides (“NOx”), and Additive Lean NOx Catalytic Converter for Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles," by Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, Texas. Factor memory entry NOx. High Carbon Monoxide; Normal CO; Low CONett Technologies' 3-Way Catalytic Converters control exhaust emissions from stoichiometric CNG, LPG and gasoline engines. Catalytic converters turn toxic CO (carbon monoxide) and NOx (nitrous oxides) into relatively harmless carbon dioxide and water. The catalytic converter (also called the "cat") is filled with exotic metals and compounds that have a chemical reaction with exhaust gasses, purifying your tailpipe emissions and ridding it of deadly NOx gas. Catalytic Converters - Non-Selective Catalytic Reduction System. NOx = Nitrogen oxides = reactive gasses produced during the combustion process. A catalytic converter degradation determining system is configured to accurately determine if a NOx trapping catalytic converter is degraded. Therefore any carbon dioxide emissions measured during typical starter draw test, with ignition disabled must be created in the catalytic converter. Diesel goes blue: if cleanliness is next to godliness then the U. not OK. Catalytic Converter Prices : Used and Scrap converter prices : Recycle prices for old catalytic converters from cars and trucks : Depending upon the brand of converter, or which vehicle that the catalyitc converter is from, prices can vary from two to three figures. Instead of compressing and igniting the gases like a combustion chamber, the gases are passed through heated channels covered with reactive substances. I will compile most popular questions regarding NOx catalytic converter. This buildup on the inside of the catalytic converter prevents the catalyst from removing the harmful emissions from the exhaust. History. ) A catalytic converter is a device meant to reduce the extent of impurity in a vehicle's emissions. not OK . ) and 1. 5 2 HC NOx) zero mile ave Aftermarket Catalytic Converters Created Date: 20101006101053Z Press Release Catalytic Converter Market by Type (Three-way Catalytic Converter, Selective Catalytic Reduction, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, and Lean NOx Trap), Material (Platinum, Palladium The report "Catalytic Converter Market by Type (Three-way Catalytic Converter, Selective Catalytic Reduction, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, and Lean NOx Trap), Material (Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium), Region, and Aftermarket by Region - Global Forecast to 2021", The catalytic converter market is Dynamic simulation of the smart catalytic converter, proposed by Daimler AG, is presented. NOX is an acronym for Oxides of Nitrogen which, when in contact with hydrocarbons from unburnt fuel, leads to Catalytic converter . Catalytic Converter Market by Type (Three-way Catalytic Converter, Selective Catalytic Reduction, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, and Lean NOx Trap), Material (Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium), Region The catalytic converter, sometimes called a “cat,” is a kind of container in the exhaust system. What is a catalytic converter and what does it do? NOx is produced by nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide within the exhaust gasses. 1998-2006 Golf 1. 55 NOX 2. 5). A wide variety of nox catalyst options are available to you, such as free samples. Notes. First Name * % Reducation in NOx % Reducation in PM. Remember that the main purpose of a catalytic converter is to clean up excessive emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Failure to do so could result in failure of the new converter. The catalytic converter casing and chamber remain as same as originally installed into the vehicle system. 128 Catalytic converter Alibaba. RepairPal recommendations for catalytic converter issues. In the SNR concept, two NOx adsorbers are installed in parallel in the exhaust system. About 36% of these are catalysts. Browse our high-quality, discount History. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is a means of converting nitrogen oxides, also referred to as NO x with the aid of a catalyst into diatomic nitrogen (N 2) , and water (H 2 O). Outlet side of converter should be hotter than inlet side of converter during correct operation. Nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2, together called NOx) are a contributor to smog and acid rain, which also causes irritation to human mucus membranes. 0 liter engine and 1997 Dodge Dakota with a 2. MagnaFlow Direct-Fit Catalytic Converter Front/Rear AP Exhaust 602205 (Fits: Camaro) This verification must be repeated at this frequency to verify that the catalytic activity of the NO 2-to-NO converter has not deteriorated. ? · 8 years ago . A catalytic converter (or “cat”) is commonly found on automobiles dating back to the early 1970s between the exhaust manifold and muffler. CO & HC emissions. This refers to the three regulated emissions it helps to reduce. The system is under warranty for 8 years or 80,000 miles. TWC Construction Two different types of Three-Way Catalytic Converters have been used on fuel injected Toyota vehicles. A catalytic converter in a automobile converts harmful pollutants like CO, NOx and HC into less harmful compounds like CO2 and O2 (water). A catalytic converter is a large metal box, bolted to the underside of your car, that has two pipes coming out of it. The evolution of catalytic converters. From an industrial standpoint a 75-100 Deg rise in temp is optimal. It's important to use high-quality, OEM parts when replacing the catalytic converter. (b) At A/F ratios below the window value there is less NOx and more HC and CO present in the mixture expelled from the engine (Figure 5). Reduction of nitrogen oxides to nitrogen and oxygen. A catalytic converter is designed to remove harmful carbon dioxide gasses from the air we breath. Most cats these days are 3 way. The catalytic converter is an emissions component that changes CO to CO2 and NOx to O2 +N2. When an NO or NO 2 molecule contacts the catalyst, the catalyst rips the nitrogen atom out of the molecule and holds on to it, freeing the oxygen in the form of O 2 . Catalytic Converters & O2 Sensors Download PDF. The converter can fail because of internal damage or external factors such as mishandling, improper fitting or accidents. Combine excessive NOx output with carbon fouling of the spark plugs and O2 sensors, the contamination or fouling of the catalytic converter and you have the ingredients for an emissions system failure. It is designed to convert harmful engine emissions to CO2 and water. A catalytic converter is a device that chemically changes the harmful components of Internal Combustion engine exhaust into harmless gasses. Catalytic converters have been installed on most 1975 and newer passenger cars and light-duty trucks by the manufacturers to reduce exhaust emissions and allow the vehicles to meet Federal standards. read more High NOx Readings and What Are the Causes! This Catalytic Converter is a universal fit unit and will Along with the previously detailed conversion, a 3-way converter also reduces oxides of nitrogen (NOx Shop from the world's largest selection and best deals for BMW 3 Series Catalytic Converters & Parts. Start studying automotive 25 167. He was tired of all the smog, and worked in catalytic oil refining. Nsc (Nox Storage Converter) NSC (NOx Storage Converter) An efficient technology to abate NOx in diesel engines , for those applications in which it can be applied, is the NOx Storage Converter (NSC) . named Eugene Houdry. 127 Catalytic converter location. Platinum based metals (Pt, Pd and Rh) are used to chemically convert these exhaust components, but the temperature must be high. The final catalytic converter in our test was the high-gloss Flyin’ Miata model. Emissions: High NOx Readings. Catalytic Converter Market by Type (Three-way Catalytic Converter, Selective Catalytic Reduction, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, and Lean NOx Trap), Material (Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium), Region, and Aftermarket by Region - Global Forecast to 2021 Toyota Camry Check Engine Light - Catalytic Converter. To do this, it uses a synthetically produced aqueous urea solution, carried in an auxiliary tank. Selective Catalytic Reduction - SCR In the next stage, the amount of NOx in the exhaust gases is measured and the correct amount of urea, known as AdBlue, is injected. Along with other emission control devices, federal law requires manufacturers to replace a defective converter for up to 15 years or 150,000 miles. IF you experienced an excessive amount of DEF consumption, I wou Honda's next-generation diesel engine employs a revolutionary NOx catalytic converter that enables a great reduction in NOx emissions sufficient to meet stringent U. Having read a few older posts here i can see some people stating that its possibly just the NOX sensor that needs replacing (but these posts never seem to end with anyone reporting what worked as a final fix) Passive Catalytic Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement Cary Henry, David Langenderfer, Aleksey Yezerets, Michael Ruth Cummins Inc. Catalytic Converter NOx Emmissions. Here is our current Price list. It can be found between the extractors and muffler. The catalytic converter is located between the exhaust manifold and the muffler. At this point, the only solution is a costly replacement of the catalytic converter. RPM. Magnaflow Direct-Fit Catalytic Converters (Federal) deliver a smooth exhaust flow that’s also clean as a whistle NOx HC Fleet Average Cert Stds AM Converter Durability 0 0. 126 Catalytic converter location. Currently, development of catalytic NOx control technology for diesel engines is focused on systems that incorporate fuel hydrocarbons as the chemical reducing agent. It uses platinum and rhodium to help reduce the NO x emissions. Consequently, a catalytic converter uses precious metals like platinum as a catalyst to convert harmful pollutants like HC, CO and NOX into harmless gases like Catalytic converters, fitted in series with the exhaust pipe of gasoline fueled While a 3-way catalyst can be used in an open-loop system, NOx reduction. Depending on your vehicle, you may have one or two converters. Cat. converter Bank 2 . There are a few year models where they did not come equipped. (b) Measurement principles. Catalytic Converter in Automobile Exhaust and Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) from the automotive vehicles. Be aware that many vehicles have more than one catalytic converter. The muffler-like chamber houses a ceramic honeycomb (or ceramic beads) coated with platinum and palladium, the catalyst that converts the hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide and water, and the nitrogen decomposition of nitrogen oxides. Scrap Catalytic Converter Price List. In gasoline catalytic converter application, the active catalytic materials are present as a thin coating of precious metal (Pt, Pd, & Rh), and oxide-based inorganic promoters and support Essentially, the catalytic converter is used to complete the oxidation process for hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO), in addition to reducing oxides of nitrogen (NOx) back to simple nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Engine operation should the thoroughly checked after replacing a faulty converter. Catalytic Converter FAQ THREE-WAY PLUS AIR CATALYTIC CONVERTERS. Free Catalytic Converter; Request for Quote – Diesel; Request for Quote – Diesel Catalytic Converter. Use the Walker® CARB catalog to locate the proper CARB compliant converter for your vehicle. NOx is broken down into three elements, CO2, nitrogen (N2) and H2O. catalytic converter is an effective technique to reduce NOx emissions from diesel engines because of Rh being used as catalyst helps to release the oxygen atoms stored in NOx in the reduction reaction. In the next section, we'll look at exactly what goes on inside the catalytic converter. I'd ask them if you can keep the converter if they're charging that much to remove it. A 3-way catalytic converter is a sophisticated device used in the exhaust system of many modern petrol engine vehicles. Eastern 48-State Direct Fit 40799 Catalytic Converter - 47-State Legal (Cannot ship to CA, NY or ME) Direct Fit - Rear, Assembly What Causes Catalytic Converter Problems? Overtime your catalytic converter can become clogged with carbon buildup – this is one of the most common catalytic converters problems we see on a regular basis. If the catalytic converter isn’t operating as it should, engine power may decrease, fuel use may increase, and there’s no reduction of the poisonous gases exiting the engine. 4L NOx Adsorder Catalytic Converter The NO2/NO converter carries out the conversion of the nitrogen dioxide into monoxide through reaction inside the heating catalytic chamber. A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce harmful emissions released from a car’s exhaust. Carbon monoxide (CO) in converted to carbon dioxide (CO 2). Nitrogen oxides (NO x) are broken down into nitrogen gas (N 2) and oxygen gas (O 2). Then go from there. They were also used on gasoline engines in American- and Canadian-market automobiles until 1981. When the car is first started (i. NOx burners (LNB) and natural gas reburn (NGR). No way the car would pass the Colorado air care emissions test registering "34+" CO GPM (limit is 15. By way of derogation the requirement of monitoring the reduction in the efficiency of the catalytic converter with respect to NOx emissions shall only apply as from the dates set out in paragraph 12. Typical catalysts are the precious metals platinum, palladium and rhodium that are coated on mostly ceramic combs using the so-called "washcoats". Any further blending or The product range includes the automotive sector, commercial vehicles and the truck sector, producing both rigid and soft dashboards. What is the most important emissions control device on a vehicle today? The catalytic converter, because it cleans up any exhaust pollutants that exit the engine. ECS Study Protocol Recruit vehicles Cleaning O2 Sensor/Catalytic Converter 0 I believe that the O2 sensors and/or catalytic converter are clogged and in need of a cleaning, as I’m not able to accelerate over 40mph. In previous posts we have mentioned a catalytic converter (a filter used in car exhaust systems) as a highly appropriate mechanism for the conversion of carbon monoxides, nitrous oxides and unburned hydrocarbons to non-toxic compounds, (carbon dioxide nitrogen and oxygen). Oxidation of CO to CO2. An automotive catalytic converter is one of the several elements of an exhaust system that reduces the emission of harmful pollutants, such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NO x). 5 liter engine. nox catalytic converterA catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and Categories: Air pollution control systems · American inventions · Automotive technologies · Carbon monoxide · Catalysis · Exhaust systems · NOx control. To speak to us call +44 (0)1509 506792 today. Related Searches for catalytic converter for nox: catalytic converter audi q7 we make catalytic converter catalytic converter for bmw cummins catalytic converter catalytic converter co used catalytic converter mazda 3 hyundai catalytic converter catalytic converter for atv metal catalytic converter 3 rhodium catalytic converter audi a6 Cleaning Catalytic Converter. It was thoroughly cleaned and ran well since. Fig 2 The lean NOx trap running under a) lean In a catalytic converter, the catalyst's job is to speed up the removal of pollution. 7 L FIAlready Tried: fails smog test due to high NOx values. There is a recall out for 1996 Jeep cherokee with a 4. Sulfur is being emitted from the exhaust due to a faulty catalytic converter. Diagnosing a Faulty Catalyst (Catalytic Converter) CO and NOX readings on a properly tuned engine in good condition would tell you the converter isn't doing much A catalytic converter (colloquially, "cat" or "catcon") is a device used to reduce the toxicity of emissions from an internal combustion engine. The catalytic converter selectively converts nitrogen oxide in the exhaust gases into nitrogen and water. Catalytic Converters actually "burn" while doing their job. CATALYTIC CHEMISTRY The function of the modern three-way catalytic ­converter is to convert the various compounds of HC, O2 and N2 into more environmentally friendly gases. Copper-and zeolite-based catalysts have been the predominant systems studied to date, but now catalysts containing precious metals are being investigated. The catalysts used to create these conversions are palladium, platinum and rhodium, depending on the type of converter. CRANKING TEST There is typically little (390 to 400 PPM at sea level) CO 2 present in the atmosphere. Your first and best source for information about catalytic convertersBG Products | What are the symptoms of a bad catalytic converter?Walker - a pioneer of catalytic converters Walker, founded in 1888 in Racine, WI. 1998-2006 Jetta 1. Any marketing arrangement of the new aftermarket catalytic converter by a third What is a catalytic converter? It is a stainless steel box mounted in the exhaust system. converter conversion test Bank 1 or Bank 3, short trip . The resultant carbon deposits restrict the operation - and ultimately the flow characteristics - of the converter by coating the unit’s reactive surface. Some catalytic converters contain a thermo-sensor that illuminates a light on the instrument panel if the converter begins to overheat. The catalytic converter only begins working after exhaust has exited the engine's combustion chambers. , If Ordered Now, Ships in 2 Business Days 100% guarantee. Learn more about how a catalytic converter works as well as the anatomy of a typical converter. Along with utilizing existing particulate filter technology, BLUETEC uses a refined nitrogen oxide (NOx) storage catalytic converter to lower NOx emissions. This vehicle was mistakenly filled with diesel fuel and ran until it stalled some time ago


Nox catalytic converter